A Canada Temporary Resident Permit may be issued to individuals who would otherwise be inadmissible to Canada because of health or criminality issues, permitting them to enter or stay in Canada, though only on temporary grounds.
Kindly note that the following information is not about Temporary Resident Visas (TRV), commonly referred to as a Canadian Visitor Visa.
A person who is criminally inadmissible to Canada is inadmissible for work, study, visitation purposes and is prohibited from submitting an application for Canadian permanent residence.
CanadaTemporary Resident Permit (TRP)
What is a Canada Temporary Resident Permit? A Temporary Resident Permit, also known as a TRP, is a document issued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada that allows people who are criminally inadmissible to Canada to visit the country. A TRP Canada is only given to a person that their visit to Canada will benefit the country more. For example, an individual might be granted a TRP for a visit to Canada if the trip is work-related and that a person’s presence in Canada will be beneficial to the country or its citizens.
- grants legal entry to Canada for a certain period of time;
- can be applied for at any point (unlike criminal rehabilitation, a TRP is not subject to a certain time frame in relation to the completion of the sentence. An individual can, in fact, be granted a TRP while still serving a portion of his or her sentence, in certain circumstances), and is issued for the length of the stay in Canada (up to three years) and may be extended from inside Canada.
The permit is no longer valid if the holder exits Canada unless re-entry had been authorized at the time of issuance. The permit can also be canceled by an officer at any time. In certain circumstances, the holder of a TRP will be granted permanent resident status in Canada.
To apply for a TRP, you will need to submit an application with supporting documents explaining the reason behind your inadmissibility and why your entry into Canada may be justified. If you are a citizen of a visa-exempt country, you will need to apply based on the guidelines set out by your specific country, as the application form may be different.
READ THIS: how to become a Canadian citizen
Who Needs a Temporary Resident Permit
Anyone who is inadmissible to Canada but has a valid need to come to the country needs a TRP. TRPs can cover either medical or criminal inadmissibility. If you are inadmissible to Canada because of a criminal conviction and you completed your sentence less than five years ago, a Temporary Resident Permit might be your best option if you need to travel to Canada. If a person is deemed inadmissible to Canada, their family members traveling with them may also be considered inadmissible. Those family members will need to apply for, and be granted, their own individual TRPs before a border officer will let them enter Canada. When a person receives a TRP and is in Canada, they must adhere to certain conditions in order to remain in the country. They must respect and follow all Canadian laws. In order to work or study in Canada during the temporary residence, a person must also receive the proper permits in addition to the TRP. A temporary resident cannot leave and re-enter Canada without proper authorization. When a TRP expires, its holder must leave Canada.
Temporary Resident Permit Canada application Procedure
Applying for a Temporary Resident Permit requires that a person proves the necessity of their trip to Canada. Temporary Resident Permit Application procedures vary depending on the country someone is applying from. Canadian visa offices in each country will have information on their requirements. Each TRP application has a non-refundable $200CAD application fee.
If you are inadmissible to Canada, due to criminal, security, or medical reasons, but have a justifiable reason to travel to Canada, you may be eligible for Temporary Resident Permit Canada application. l
Applying for a Temporary Resident Permit (TRP) allows you to suspend your criminal inadmissibility for a finite period of time. In order to get a TRP, you must have compelling reasons for requiring entry to Canada. The benefits of your entrance and stay in Canada must prove to outweigh the potential safety and health risks to Canadian society. As an applicant, your TRP application must communicate a justifiably significant reason for your desired entrance with clarity and specificity. Some examples of good reasons for entering Canada, that would allow for higher chances of success with a TRP, are business conferences and networking events, meeting with Canadian clients or companies to start or continue economic relationships, or a very important family event such as a funeral or a wedding.
As a Temporary Resident Permit holder, you:
- Must comply with the conditions imposed on your TRP;
- Must not work or study without a work or study permit;
- Cannot re-enter Canada without prior authorization;
- Must leave Canada at the end of your authorized period of stay.
Duration of Canada TRP
When your Canada TRP is approved, the duration for which it will allow you to enter Canada varies. The maximum amount of time that a TRP can be granted for is 3 years but can be granted for as little time as a day or two, based on your reasons for travel. This decision is made by the Canadian Immigration officer or border agent who processes your application.
There are two types of TRPs that are granted: single-entry TRPs and multiple-entry TRPs. Single-entry will only allow you to enter Canada once, and the TRP will expire once you leave. A single-entry TRP may be granted for an event on a specific date, such as a wedding.
Multiple-entry TRPs are granted for an allocated time span, and allow you to enter, leave, and re-enter as many times as required during the time of its validity. These TRPs expire after the allocated time span. Those that need to travel to Canada for work frequently and often at short notice, such as flight attendants or pilots, are more likely to receive a multiple-entry TRP.
After your TRP has expired, your record will once again prevent you from entering Canada. You can then reapply for a TRP, or opt for the permanent solution of a Criminal Rehabilitation application.
Processing Time & Costs
The processing fee to apply for a TRP is $200 CAD at the Canadian Immigration office or at any Port of Entry.
The Canadian government encourages you to apply for a Temporary Resident Permit well in advance if you know that you require entry to Canada and that you are inadmissible. You can apply for a TRP at the Canadian Consulate in Los Angeles, or directly at the Port of Entry if you are traveling by land, air, or sea. The choice of location may impact the likelihood of your success, as well as the processing time. If you choose to submit a Temporary Resident Permit application at a Port of Entry, you can save yourself a great deal of time, as applications can be processed on the spot. Alternatively, the processing time at a consular office can take anywhere from 4 – 6 months.
Applying for a Canada TRP
There are two ways to apply for a Canada TRP:
- submit an application to the consulate; or
- apply directly at the border (US citizens and permanent residents only).
Because nationals from countries other than the United States require either a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV) or an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) to enter Canada, if they want to fly to Canada a consular application is the only option. Processing times vary, depending on where the application was submitted.
US citizens and permanent residents
American citizens and permanent residents (Green Card holders) with time to spare before entering Canada may choose to apply at a consulate. Alternatively, they may submit a TRP application at the port of entry upon entering Canada. The primary advantage of applying in this manner is the speed with which an individual can acquire a TRP, which may be granted in a matter of minutes. The main disadvantage of a port of entry application is the uncertainty; you don’t know whether the TRP will be approved or denied by the immigration officer reviewing the application. If denied, you will not be allowed to enter Canada.